Nanotechnology is one of the primary drivers of technology innovation, and it is one of the leading pillars of the six Key Enabling Technologies of Horizon 2020. Among the different application scopes of nanotechnology, its use in medicine has attracted considerable attention for its potential advances in healthcare, personalised medicine and to tackle complex issues such as the targeted and programmed delivery of drugs. The birth of nanomedicine required integration of different research field, such as nanoscience, physics, chemistry, modern pharmacy and clinical practice into a unique multidisciplinary research topic, all of which will be applied in the context of NanoCarb.